Contemporary Museology

            ' United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), prepared in 1972 with the Convention on the Protection of Cultural and Natural Heritage, adopted a culture of conservation approach, The effects of cultural studies are also reflected in museology. The International Council of Museums (ICOM) held its 2004 congress in Seoul with the title ile Museums and Intangible Heritage angible, including language, as an element of cultural heritage, such as oral traditions and expressions. The definition of the museum underwent a serious expansion and went far beyond the classical museums.
             Museums are the places where art, science and technique can be presented together with the objects of art, science, nature, history and ethnography. There may also be places where artifacts such as archeology are exhibited. In general, the museums; archeology, ethnography, history, science-technology, military, fine arts and open air museums, such as species can be divided.
                          Museums belonging to other ministries, museums belonging to other ministries, museums belonging to the Grand National Assembly, museums belonging to foundations can be evaluated within this scope.
            Our museums are mainly diversified as archeology and ethnography museums. The Ministry of Culture and Tourism carries out certain programs for the renewal of the museums of our country, maintenance and repairing of museums in accordance with the concept of modern museum, and opening of new museums. Adana Museum, Hatay Museum Gaziantep Zeugma Museum, Şanlıurfa Museum and Eskişehir Eti Archeology Museum are the museums opened to the visitor in accordance with this understanding.
               Museums are not only the places where the works of the country administrations are preserved and protected, but also the knowledge and experience of the society, which contributes to the development of personal tastes. units. The level of development of countries as well as the interest in culture and art are increasing. In the field of museology, with the development of economic and technological and qualified manpower, classical museology concept has been replaced by modern museology. In this process, the administrators started to give a new look to the museum by using modern methods to reach the visitors.
              Modem museology is a versatile and open-minded understanding. Within the framework of this understanding, the museum takes advantage of new demonstration techniques to tell the stories of collections through activities such as permanent-temporary exhibitions that appeal to visitors. In the showcase, which is frequently seen in the presentation of classical museums, to exhibit with display or wall panels on the stand, to enhance the narration, by using voice routers with decor, costume, photo model, mannequin, mummy, earphone and / or telephone arrangement, the presentation is enriched and the visitor's interest is improved. it is maintained. In the contemporary museum approach, it is important to establish communication between the museum and the audience. Visits are accompanied by guides, dia-fılm shows are followed, seminars are organized, workshop training applications are carried out, making the trip fun and educational. An effective presentation is made by using the facilities provided by technology such as computer-aided exhibition, touch and interactive system and simulator. In modern museology, it is tried to ensure the integration of the museums with the society as a cultural center with programs embracing all segments of the society and calendar of events. Publication of the events by the press, radio and television, exhibiting the museum programs with posters or banners, distributing brochures, communicating with the public, thus attracting the interest of the non-habitat of visiting the museum.
                 With the exposition of exhibitions held for three to ten years as of presentation time in museology, a day to several months in accordance with the policies and programs of the administrations short-term exhibitions are called temporary exhibitions.
             Another application that differentiates modem museums from classical museology is virtual museum applications. With the opening of the web pages of the museums, 360 degree panoramic view of the museum and its collections can reach the internet user. Undoubtedly, the experience gained by visiting the place is not a substitute for pleasure, but it is easy for the world's historical-cultural common heritage with virtual museology.