ATATURK AND MUSEUM

          The museums of the historical development of Turkey in Europe after the one hundred and fifty years with the beginning being stored in antiquities in certain places, in the 19th century cultural reflection of the movement of westernization of the Ottoman Empire It is understood that.
                        
                                      In the 19th century, museum studies began in the 19th century with special places for the collection of state weapons and holy relics. However, these places were visited with special permission. In 1845, Tophane-i Amire Müşiri Fethi Ahmet Pasha began to gather old artifacts in the church of Aya İrini, where the Ottoman weapons collection was located. At the same time the museum-i Hümayun, the first state museum, was opened on 8 July 1869 with the need to build a new museum building for the artifacts found in the excavations. The museum activity carried out at that time was focused on collection and conservation and it was understood that the documentation studies were carried out. Osman Hamdi Bey, who started working in the field of museology as of 1881, first built the restoration of the Tiled Kiosk and built the School of Fine Arts, now known as the Museum of Ancient Oriental Works. In order to protect and store the old monuments that have grown day by day, the architect Valaury has drawn up his plans and built the building which is known as the Istanbul Archeology Museums today. Osman Hamdi Bey, who served as the director of the museum from 1910 until his death, has made great efforts towards modernization of museum in our country.
                        
                                      &. he explained the opportunity given to history and culture at every opportunity. So much so that Ankara's 90 km. Beyond the battle of Sakarya the Battle of Sakarya, the ball sounds in Ankara at the time of reaching, the foundation of the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations in Ankara to establish an Eti museum to give orders to the occupation forces, "We have established our museum, we come as a nation. The history of these lands can also be explained by the desire to convey the message of our future, which is a good example of the importance of museums for the survival of a country.      
                        
                                       The importance of claiming the history of these lands, Atatürk, the collection of antiquities and new museums among the works of the first government, which took office on 9 May 1920 immediately after the opening of the Turkish Grand National Assembly. It is understood from the request of the establishment. For this purpose, Directorate of Antiquities (Asar-ı Atika Directorate) affiliated with the Ministry of Education is established.  
                        
                                                5 November 1922, with a circular, archaeological and ethnographic works, collection, inventory and establishment of new museums, 14 August 1923 in the government program It was obtained. The duties of the Delegation-i İlmiye established in 1923 at Atatürk's request included the establishment of a national museum in Ankara, the opening of the Turkish Ethnography Museum and the revision of the Asar-ı Atika Regulation.      

                          In those days, in some big cities, there were museum warehouses where collecting artifacts gathered from the environment under the name of top Museum-i Hümayun Branches O. In the following years, almost all of these warehouses were converted into museums, and in Istanbul the Topkapı Palace was under the administration of-Ottoman Treasury-i Hümayun Kethüdliğı Sonraki. The decision of the Council of Ministers on April 1, 1924 to make Topkapı Palace a museum was approved by Atatürk. Meanwhile, Ankara Archeology (1921), Antalya (1922), Sivas (1923), Ephesus (1924), Adana (1924), Edirne (1925), Tokat (1926), Amasya (1926), Konya Mevlana (1927), Ankara Ethnography (1928), Bursa (1929), Afyon (1933), Bergama (1933), Sinop (1932), Diyarbakır (1934), Tire (1935) and Çanakkale (1936) were opened. Hagia Sophia also became a member of the Turkish museums with the decision of the Chamber of Deputies on 24 November 1934.              
                        
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                                           The Ministry of Education, the new name of the General Directorate of Monuments and Museums, small touristic guides, monographs, museum catalogs, museum annuals, archeology, ethnography magazines in addition to publications, he also undertook restoration of monuments by arranging museum arrangements.  
                        
                                  Today, museums and museums of the development level, the extent to which regards Turkey Republic of modernity Culture and Tourism Ministry, cultural heritage on this land, which date and by whom it is one of the main duties of carrying to the future with the consciousness of keeping the universal values ​​of humanity.                          

ATATURK AND ARCHEOLOGY

                Archeology, ancient cultures and civilizations in terms of the remaining material remains from them (works of art, tools and materials, household goods, works of art) science As the archeological word derived from the words of. Arkhois d (ancient) and ına Logos ”(science) of ancient Greek, it means the science of im oldness bilim in the Ottoman Empire, but it is the source of all other science. The aim of archeology is to revive the past by giving light to the past and to help people to understand it in depth through presenting the thoughts of the first age and the works that are realized as a result. To this end, they find and reveal the remains of ancient culture, define them and reconstruct them in a proper manner and try to interpret and illuminate past cultures.
                                 trying to transport Turkey to contemporary civilization level in terms of culture and art, and it "is a genuine mentor in science." Emphasizing the promise of Gazi Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, who take care of archeology in which contemporary culture and to museums. As in every field, Atatürk aimed to be at the level of the civilized countries of the world in archeology as well as in every field and it was necessary that all cultural assets should be taken as title deeds, no matter what period they were created, and that they gave value to history and culture at every opportunity.                                 Ataturk was first announced that the Turkish History Institution want done excavations in Turkey in the Congress. As in other disciplines, students were sent to Europe in the study of archeology. In the early part of the Republic, while the excavations were carried out by foreigners, the control and the weight of the Turkish Government were taken over from now on.



         National excavations started with the instructions of Atatürk on the 10th anniversary of the Republic. Atatürk, in particular, wanted the Hittite Civilization to be explored. Gavurkale 1930 in Ankara, Ahlatlibel 1933, Karalar 1933, Cankirikapi (Roman Bath), Etiyokuşu 1937, Alacahoyuk 1934, Pazarli and Buyuk Gullucek 1934 excavations, Trakya Region survey started in 1930 and Hasankeyf survey started in 1932 are some of them. In these excavations, the first archaeologists, historians, art historians, philologists and anthropologists have studied the Atatürk Republic. Since 1933, excavations have been started all over the country, especially Çanakkale-Troy, Çorum-Boğazköy, Malatya-Aslantepe. In the early years of the Republic, the preservation of the antiquities has been meticulously followed by the senior executives of the state, especially Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. Excavations at the beginning of the republic period brought Anatolia to the forefront in the scientific world.

ATATÜRK'S VISIT TO ADANA

Adana is one of the provinces that Mustafa Kemal Atatürk visited frequently before and after the republic. He came to Adana a total of nine times before the proclamation of the Republic and during the Republic. Atatürk gave great importance to these trips he made in the country and he examined the situation in political, social, military, cultural and economic fields and the precautions to be taken in his trips.      
                                
                                            Mustafa Kemal Pasha's first visit to Adana is one day after the signing of the Mudros Armistice on 30 October 1918. He came to Adana on October 31, 1918 to take over from German General Limon Von Sanders, who was in Adana as the Commander of the Lightning Armies Group.      
                                
                                        Mustafa Kemal Pasha, who made his first voyage to Southeastern Anatolia in March 1923, arrived in Adana on 15 March 1923. Beside her husband, Latife Hanım, some deputies and their aides are also present. During these visits, Mustafa Kemal Pasha and his wife Latife Hanim stayed in Suphi Pasha Mansion for two nights. During his visits, Atatürk visited the Turkish Hearth, the Grand Mosque, the Corps Command, the Defense of Rights Society, the Industrial School and the Hospital, the Teachers' Association, the Boy Scouts, and the Girl's Teacher's School. He also met tradesmen and farmers.      
                                
                                                                       has been declared as a fellow countryman. During their visit on January 13, 1925, they will be honored when they receive this offer.     

                          In those days, in some big cities, there were museum warehouses where collecting artifacts gathered from the environment under the name of top Museum-i Hümayun Branches O. In the following years, almost all of these warehouses were converted into museums, and in Istanbul the Topkapı Palace was under the administration of-Ottoman Treasury-i Hümayun Kethüdliğı Sonraki. The decision of the Council of Ministers on April 1, 1924 to make Topkapı Palace a museum was approved by Atatürk. Meanwhile, Ankara Archeology (1921), Antalya (1922), Sivas (1923), Ephesus (1924), Adana (1924), Edirne (1925), Tokat (1926), Amasya (1926), Konya Mevlana (1927), Ankara Ethnography (1928), Bursa (1929), Afyon (1933), Bergama (1933), Sinop (1932), Diyarbakır (1934), Tire (1935) and Çanakkale (1936) were opened. Hagia Sophia also became a member of the Turkish museums with the decision of the Chamber of Deputies on 24 November 1934.                                          Mustafa Kemal Pasha, after their visit, dated January 13, 1925 went to Dortyol and staying here for three days on January 17, 1925 and returned to Adana again. During his visits, he visited a Turkish high school, Adana Homeland Hospital, Adana Agricultural School, Topçu Barracks and a high school.     
                                
                                       on May 16, 1926 Gazi Mustafa Kemal Pasha, Governor's Office in the coming fifth in Adana Municipality, has met with the Party and visited the Turkish Corps and authority.     
                                
                                       If the visit to Adana, February 15, 1931 the island was first Provincial Authority, the People's Party and have visited the municipality.     
                                
                                       Mustafa Kemal Ataturk's seventh visit to the island, took place on January 26, 1933. During his visit, he talked about language assembly activities, the functioning of the weaving mills and water works.     
                                
                                       In the November 19, 1937 and dated first read through the Atatürk Park, where Atatürk took about Monument. He then went to Adana Girls Art Institute and made observations.     
    

         Gazi Mustafa Kemal ATATÜRK's last visit to Adana took place on 24 May 1938. The main purpose of these visits was the “Hatay Problem Bu. In those days, the Hatay case was a critical point. Mustafa Kemal ATATURK had been sick in those days and although doctors did not find such a journey, he went on a trip and came to Adana. Atatürk followed the parade in Atatürk Park and said that he wanted to see Adana once again and went to Ulus Park. Mustafa Kemal ATATÜRk, following the Seyhan River by descending from his car, stated that the river should not be in vain and that he should benefit from the water.